Transdisciplinary Research on Individuals 


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Philosophy-of-Science (TPS) Paradigm

  Aims and scope
  Philosophical basis
  Central findings  

Empirical Applications of the TPS Paradigm


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The Transdisciplinary Philosophy-of-Science Paradigm for Research on Individuals (TPS Paradigm) 




























 - Central findings and topics explored (selection)

Explorations of the phenomena of the psyche and the pathways of their microgenetic, ontogenetic and (potential) phylogenetic development 
The concepts of the TPS Paradigm have been applied to trace the developmental pathways through which psychical phenomena enable individuals to increasingly become actors - as single individuals, communities and species. The analyses explored the fundamental imperceptibility of psychical phenomena and the impact that this peculiarity has had on the emergence of language, social institutions and societies (Uher, 2015d).

How the phenomena of language enable humans to overcome the fundamental imperceptibility of psychical phenomena by others
Individually developed psychical properties are perceptible only by the individual him- or herself. Concepts of the TPS Paradigm scrutinise the ways in which psychical properties can be communicated to other individuals and socially shared psychical representations can be developed, thus enabling social coordination and the transmission of knowledge to subsequent generations (Uher, 2015d)

Nomothetic and ideographic approaches: Novel perspectives on a long-lasting debate
Research on individuals has long been hampered by the scientific dictum scientia non est individuorum - the idea that a scientific discipline cannot be devoted to studying single cases given that science seeks regularities and lawfulness through abstraction and generalisation from unique events. The TPS Paradigm shows that this is not the case. Rather, it highlights that complementary applications of both between-individual and within-individual analyses are indispensable for exploring individuals (see the Hourglass-Shaped Methodology; Uher, 2015c). 

Questionnaire methods entail that contemporary "personality" psychology is largely based on everyday psychology 
The focus on lexical approaches and assessment methods entails that, so far, taxonomic "personality" psychologists have largely explored only the person-descriptive repertoires of people's everyday language and pertinent mental representations that they encode. But psychologists have seriously neglected to study also the particular phenomena that are being linguistically and mentally represented - in particular, individual-specific behaviour and experiencing - because these phenomena cannot be explored with questionnaire methods (Uher, 2013).