Transdisciplinary Research on Individuals 

 

Research on Individuals.org

 

About this research

Transdisciplinary
Philosophy-of-Science (TPS) Paradigm

  Aims and scope

  Philosophical
  framework

  Metatheoretical
  framework

  Methodological
  framework

Topics and findings

Empirical applications

Publications

Science blog

Media

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Publications 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Transdisciplinary Philosophy-of-Science Paradigm for Research on Individuals (TPS Paradigm)



1. Foundations and Frameworks
Measurement and quantification across the sciences
    
Data generation methods across the empirical sciences
     Quantitative data from rating scales
Research on individuals
     Metatheoretical definitions: Behaviour, psyche and other kinds of phenomena
     Microgenetic, ontogenetic and (possible) phylogenetic development of the psyche
     Methodological foundations for exploring the phenomena of the psyche
Research on individual-specificity ('personality')
     Basic definitions and concepts
     Methodologies for developing taxonomies of individual differences
     Comparative methodologies: Individuals within and between situations, groups and species
2. Empirical Applications of the TPS Paradigm
Assessments versus observations: Multi-method contrasts
Behavioural studies on individual-specificity ('personality')

1. Foundations and Frameworks

Measurement and quantification across the sciences

Uher, J. (2019). Data generation methods across the empirical sciences: Differences in the study phenomena's accessibility and the processes of data encoding. Quality & Quantity. International Journal of Methodology, 53, 221-246.  DOI: 10.1007/s11135-018-0744-3  [Springer Nature SharedIt initiative]  [Highlights]

Uher, J. (2018b). Quantitative data from rating scales: An epistemological and methodological enquiry. Frontiers in Psychology, 9, 2599, 1-27. DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.02599  [Download]   [Highlights]

Research on individuals

Metatheoretical definitions: Behaviour, psyche and other kinds of phenomena

Uher, J. (2016a). What is behaviour? And (when) is language behaviour? Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour, 46, 475-501.  DOI: 10.1111/jtsb.12104  [Download]  [Highlights]

Uher, J. (2015a). Conceiving "personality": Psychologist’s challenges and basic fundamentals of the Transdisciplinary Philosophy-of-Science Paradigm for Research on Individuals. Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science, 49, 398-458.  DOI: 10.1007/s12124-014-9283-1  [Download]  [Highlights]

Microgenetic, ontogenetic and (possible) phylogenetic development of the psyche

Uher, J. (2015d). Agency enabled by the psyche: Explorations using the Transdisciplinary Philosophy-of-Science Paradigm for Research on Individuals. In C. W. Gruber, M. G. Clark, S. H. Klempe & J. Valsiner (Eds.). Constraints of Agency: Explorations of Theory in Everyday Life. Annals of theoretical psychology, Vol 12 (pp. 177-228). Cham, Springer International.  DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-10130-9_13  [paper request]  [Highlights]

Methodological foundations for exploring the phenomena of the psyche

Uher, J. (2016b). Exploring the workings of the psyche: Metatheoretical and methodological foundation. In J. Valsiner, G. Marsico, N. Chaudhary, T. Sato, and V. Dazzani (Eds.). Psychology as the Science of Human Being: the Yokohama Manifesto. Annals of theoretical psychology, Vol 13 (pp. 299-324). Cham, Springer International.  DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-21094-0_18  [paper request]  [Highlights]
 

Research on individual-specificity ('personality')

Basic definitions and concepts

Uher, J. (2018c). The Transdisciplinary Philosophy-of-Science Paradigm for Research on Individuals: Foundations for the Science of Personality and Individual Differences. In V. Zeigler-Hill & T. K. Shackelford (Eds). The SAGE Handbook of Personality and Individual Differences. Vol. 1. The Science of Personality and Individual Differences. Part 1: Theoretical Perspectives on Personality and Individual Differences (Chapter 4, pp. 84-109). London, UK: Sage.  DOI: 10.4135/9781526451163.n4  [Download]  [Highlights]

Uher, J. (2017). Basic Definitions in Personality Psychology: Challenges for Conceptual Integrations. European Journal of Personality, 31, 572-573.  DOI: 10.1002/per.2128  [Download]  [Highlights]

Uher, J. (2015a). Conceiving "personality": Psychologists’ challenges and basic fundamentals of the Transdisciplinary Philosophy-of-Science Paradigm for Research on Individuals. Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science, 49, 398-458.  DOI: 10.1007/s12124-014-9283-1  [Download]  [Highlights]

Uher, J. (2014). Fundamental challenges of contemporary "personality" research. Physics of Life Reviews, 11, 695-696 DOI: 10.1016/j.plrev.2014.10.005  [Download]  [Highlights]

Uher, J. (2013). Personality psychology: Lexical approaches, assessment methods, and trait concepts reveal only half of the story. Why it is time for a paradigm shift. Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science, 47, 1-55.  DOI: 10.1007/s12124-013-9230-6  [Download]  [Highlights]
 

Methodologies for developing taxonomies of individual differences

Uher, J. (2018a). Taxonomic models of individual differences: A guide to transdisciplinary approaches. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 373 (1744) DOI 10.1098/rstb.2017-0171  [Download]  [Highlights]

Uher, J., Tofimova, I., Sulis, W., Netter, P., Pessoa, L., Posner, M. I., Rothbart, M. K., Rusalov, V., Petersen, I. T., & Schmidt, L. A. (2018). Diversity in action: Exchange of perspectives and reflections on taxonomies of individual differences. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 373 (1744) DOI 10.1098/rstb.2017-0172  [Download]  [Highlights]

Trofimova, I., Robbins, T.W., Sulis, W., Uher, J. (2018). Taxonomies of psychological individual differences: Biological perspectives on millennia-long challenges. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 373 (1744) DOI 10.1098/rstb.2017-0152  [Download]  [Highlights]

Uher, J. (2015b). Developing "personality" taxonomies: Metatheoretical and methodological rationales underlying selection approaches, methods of data generation and reduction principles. Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science, 49, 531-589.  DOI: 10.1007/s12124-014-9280-4  [Download]  [Highlights]

Uher, J. (2015c). Interpreting "personality" taxonomies: Why previous models cannot capture individual-specific experiencing, behaviour, functioning and development. Major taxonomic tasks still lay ahead. Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science, 49, 600-655.  DOI: 10.1007/s12124-014-9281-3  [Download]  [Highlights]

Uher, J. (2013). Personality psychology: Lexical approaches, assessment methods, and trait concepts reveal only half of the story. Why it is time for a paradigm shift. Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science, 47, 1-55.  DOI: 10.1007/s12124-013-9230-6  [Download]  [Highlights]

Uher, J. (2008a). Comparative personality research: Methodological approaches [Target article]. European Journal of Personality, 22, 427-455.  DOI: 10.1002/per.680  [Download]  [Highlights]

Uher, J. (2008b). Three methodological core issues of comparative personality research. European Journal of Personality, 22, 475-496.  DOI: 10.1002/per.688  [Download]  [Highlights]
 

Comparative Methodologies: Individuals within and between situations, groups and species

Uher, J. (2015e). Comparing individuals within and across situations, groups and species: Metatheoretical and methodological foundations demonstrated in primate behaviour. In D. Emmans & A. Laihinen (Eds.). Comparative Neuropsychology and Brain Imaging (Vol. 2), Series Neuropsychology: An Interdisciplinary Approach. (chapter 14, pp. 223-284). Berlin: Lit Verlag.  ISBN 978-3-643-90653-3  DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.1.3848.8169  [Download]  [Online]

Uher, J. (2011a). Individual behavioral phenotypes: An integrative meta-theoretical framework. Why 'behavioral syndromes' are not analogues of 'personality'. Developmental Psychobiology, 53, 521–548.  DOI: 10.1002/dev.20544  [Download]  [Highlights]

Uher, J. (2011b). Personality in nonhuman primates: What can we learn from human personality psychology? In A. Weiss, J. King, & L. Murray (Eds.). Personality and Temperament in Nonhuman Primates (pp. 41-76). New York, NY: Springer.  DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4614-0176-6_3  [Download] [Highlights]

Uher, J. (2008a). Comparative personality research: Methodological approaches [Target article]. European Journal of Personality, 22, 427-455.  DOI: 10.1002/per.680  [Download]  [Highlights]

Uher, J. (2008b). Three methodological core issues of comparative personality research. European Journal of Personality, 22, 475-496.  DOI: 10.1002/per.688  [Download]  [Highlights]

2. Empirical Applications of the TPS Paradigm

Assessments versus observations: Multi-method contrasts

Uher, J., & Visalberghi, E. (2016). Observations versus assessments of personality: A five-method multi-species study reveals numerous biases in ratings and methodological limitations of standardised assessments. Journal of Research in Personality, 61, 61-79.  DOI: 10.1016/j.jrp.2016.02.003  [Download]  [Supplemental Material]  [Highlights]

Uher, J., Werner, C. S., & Gosselt, K. (2013). From observations of individual behaviour to social representations of personality: Developmental pathways, attribution biases, and limitations of questionnaire methods. Journal of Research in Personality, 47, 647–667.  DOI: 10.1016/j.jrp.2013.03.006  [Download]  [Highlights]

Uher, J. (2011b). Personality in nonhuman primates: What can we learn from human personality psychology? In A. Weiss, J. King, & L. Murray (Eds.). Personality and Temperament in Nonhuman Primates (pp. 41-76). New York, NY: Springer.  DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4614-0176-6_3  [Download]  [Highlights]

Uher, J. & Asendorpf, J. B. (2008). Personality assessment in the Great Apes: Comparing ecologically valid behavior measures, behavior ratings, and adjective ratings. Journal of Research in Personality, 42, 821-838. DOI: 10.1016/j.jrp.2007.10.004  [Download]  [Highlights] 

Behavioural studies on individual-specificity ('personality')

Uher, J. (2015e). Comparing individuals within and across situations, groups and species: Metatheoretical and methodological foundations demonstrated in primate behaviour. In D. Emmans & A. Laihinen (Eds.). Comparative Neuropsychology and Brain Imaging (Vol. 2), Series Neuropsychology: An Interdisciplinary Approach. (chapter 14, pp. 223-284). Berlin: Lit Verlag. ISBN 978-3-643-90653-3  DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.1.3848.8169  [Download]  [Online]

Uher, J., Addessi, E., & Visalberghi, E. (2013). Contextualised behavioural measurements of personality differences obtained in behavioural tests and social observations in adult capuchin monkeys (Cebus apella). Journal of Research in Personality, 47, 427-444.  DOI: 10.1016/j.jrp.2013.01.013  [Download paper]  [Supplemental material]  [Highlights]

Uher, J., Asendorpf, J. B., & Call, J. (2008). Personality in the behaviour of great apes: Temporal stability, cross-situational consistency and coherence in response. Animal Behaviour, 75, 99-112.  DOI: 10.1016/j.anbehav.2007.04.018  [Download]  [Highlights] 

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