Transdisciplinary Research on Individuals 

 

Research on Individuals.org

 

About this research

Transdisciplinary
Philosophy-of-Science (TPS) Paradigm

  Aims and scope

  Philosophical
  framework

  Metatheoretical
  framework

  Methodological
  framework

Topics and findings

Empirical applications

Publications

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Publications 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Transdisciplinary Philosophy-of-Science Paradigm for Research on Individuals (TPS Paradigm)



1. Foundations and Frameworks
Measurement and quantification across the sciences
     Psychometrics: Network of underlying fallacies, data modelling versus measurement
     Basic principles of data generation and measurement across the sciences
     Quantitative data from rating scales critically analysed
Research on individuals
     Exploring psychical phenomena: Epistemological and methodological foundations
     Behaviour, psyche and other kinds of phenomena studied in (relations to) individuals
Research on individual-specificity ('personality')
     Basic definitions and concepts
     Methodologies for developing taxonomies of individual differences
     Comparative methodologies: Individuals within and between situations, groups and species
2. Empirical Applications of the TPS Paradigm
Assessments versus observations: Multi-method contrasts
Behavioural studies on individual-specificity ('personality')

1. Foundations and Frameworks

Measurement and quantification across the sciences

Psychometrics and quantitative psychology: Network of underlying fallacies, data modelling versus measurement

Uher, J. (2021a). Psychometrics is not measurement: Unraveling a fundamental misconception in quantitative psychology and the complex network of its underlying fallacies [Target article]. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology, 41, 58-84.  https://doi.org/10.1037/teo0000176  [Download]  [Highlights]  

Uher, J. (2021b). Quantitative psychology under scrutiny: Measurement requires not result-dependent but traceable data generation. Personality and Individual Differences, 170, 110205.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2020.110205  [Download]

Uher, J. (2021d). Problematic research practices in psychology: Misconceptions about data collection entail serious fallacies in data analyses. Theory & Psychology, 31, 411-416 https://doi.org/10.1177/09593543211014963  [Download]
 

Basic principles of data generation and measurement across the sciences

Uher, J. (2021e). Functions of units, scales and quantitative data: Fundamental differences in numerical traceability between sciences. Quality & Quantity. International Journal of Methodology. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11135-021-01215-6  [Download]

Uher, J. (2020b). Measurement in metrology, psychology and social sciences: Data generation traceability and numerical traceability as basic methodological principles applicable across sciences. Quality & Quantity. International Journal of Methodology, 54, 975-1004 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11135-020-00970-2  [Download]

Uher, J. (2019). Data generation methods across the empirical sciences: Differences in the study phenomena's accessibility and the processes of data encoding. Quality & Quantity. International Journal of Methodology, 53, 221-246.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11135-018-0744-3  [Springer Nature SharedIt initiative]  [Highlights]
 

Quantitative data from rating scales critically analysed

Uher, J. (2018b). Quantitative data from rating scales: An epistemological and methodological enquiry. Frontiers in Psychology, 9, 2599, 1-27.  https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.02599  [Download]   [Highlights]

Uher, J., & Visalberghi, E. (2016). Observations versus assessments of personality: A five-method multi-species study reveals numerous biases in ratings and methodological limitations of standardised assessments. Journal of Research in Personality, 61, 61-79.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrp.2016.02.003  [Download]  [Supplemental Material]  [Highlights]

Uher, J., Werner, C. S., & Gosselt, K. (2013). From observations of individual behaviour to social representations of personality: Developmental pathways, attribution biases, and limitations of questionnaire methods. Journal of Research in Personality, 47, 647–667.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrp.2013.03.006  [Download]  [Highlights]
 

Research on individuals

Exploring the phenomena of the psyche: Epistemological and methodological foundations

Uher, J. (2021c). Psychology’s status as a science: Peculiarities and intrinsic challenges. Moving beyond its current deadlock towards conceptual integration. Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science, 55, 212-224 https://doi.org/10.1007/s12124-020-09545-0  [Download]

Uher, J. (2020a). Human uniqueness explored from the uniquely human perspective: Epistemological and methodological challenges. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour, 50, 20-24. https://doi.org/10.1111/jtsb.12232  [Download]

Uher, J. (2016b). Exploring the workings of the psyche: Metatheoretical and methodological foundation. In J. Valsiner, G. Marsico, N. Chaudhary, T. Sato, and V. Dazzani (Eds.). Psychology as the science of human being: the Yokohama Manifesto. Annals of Theoretical Psychology, Vol 13 (pp. 299-324). Cham, Springer International.  https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-21094-0_18  [paper request]  [Highlights]
 

Behaviour, psyche and other kinds of phenomena studied in (relations to) individuals

Uher, J. (2016a). What is behaviour? And (when) is language behaviour? Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour, 46, 475-501.  https://doi.org/10.1111/jtsb.12104  [Download]  [Highlights]

Uher, J. (2015a). Conceiving "personality": Psychologist’s challenges and basic fundamentals of the Transdisciplinary Philosophy-of-Science Paradigm for Research on Individuals. Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science, 49, 398-458.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s12124-014-9283-1  [Download]  [Highlights] 

Uher, J. (2015d). Agency enabled by the psyche: Explorations using the Transdisciplinary Philosophy-of-Science Paradigm for Research on Individuals. In C. W. Gruber, M. G. Clark, S. H. Klempe & J. Valsiner (Eds.). Constraints of agency: Explorations of theory in everyday life. Annals of Theoretical Psychology, Vol 12 (pp. 177-228). Cham, Springer International.  https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-10130-9_13  [paper request]  [Highlights]
 

Research on individual-specificity ('personality')

Basic definitions and concepts

Uher, J. (2018c). The Transdisciplinary Philosophy-of-Science Paradigm for Research on Individuals: Foundations for the science of personality and individual differences. In V. Zeigler-Hill & T. K. Shackelford (Eds). The SAGE handbook of personality and individual differences. Vol. 1. The science of personality and individual differences. Part 1: Theoretical perspectives on personality and pndividual differences (Chapter 4, pp. 84-109). London, UK: Sage.  https://doi.org/10.4135/9781526451163.n4  [Download]  [Highlights]

Uher, J. (2017). Basic definitions in personality psychology: Challenges for conceptual integrations. European Journal of Personality, 31, 572-573.  https://doi.org/10.1002/per.2128  [Download]  [Highlights]

Uher, J. (2015a). Conceiving "personality": Psychologists’ challenges and basic fundamentals of the Transdisciplinary Philosophy-of-Science Paradigm for Research on Individuals. Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science, 49, 398-458.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s12124-014-9283-1  [Download]  [Highlights]

Uher, J. (2014). Fundamental challenges of contemporary "personality" research. Physics of Life Reviews, 11, 695-696https://doi.org/10.1016/j.plrev.2014.10.005  [Download]  [Highlights]

Uher, J. (2013). Personality psychology: Lexical approaches, assessment methods, and trait concepts reveal only half of the story. Why it is time for a paradigm shift. Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science, 47, 1-55.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s12124-013-9230-6  [Download]  [Highlights]
 

Methodologies for developing taxonomies of individual differences

Uher, J. (2018a). Taxonomic models of individual differences: A guide to transdisciplinary approaches. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 373 (1744)https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2017-0171  [Download]  [Highlights]

Uher, J., Tofimova, I., Sulis, W., Netter, P., Pessoa, L., Posner, M. I., Rothbart, M. K., Rusalov, V., Petersen, I. T., & Schmidt, L. A. (2018). Diversity in action: Exchange of perspectives and reflections on taxonomies of individual differences. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 373 (1744) https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2017-0172  [Download]  [Highlights]

Trofimova, I., Robbins, T.W., Sulis, W., Uher, J. (2018). Taxonomies of psychological individual differences: Biological perspectives on millennia-long challenges. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 373 (1744) https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2017-0152  [Download]  [Highlights]

Uher, J. (2015b). Developing "personality" taxonomies: Metatheoretical and methodological rationales underlying selection approaches, methods of data generation and reduction principles. Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science, 49, 531-589.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s12124-014-9280-4  [Download]  [Highlights]

Uher, J. (2015c). Interpreting "personality" taxonomies: Why previous models cannot capture individual-specific experiencing, behaviour, functioning and development. Major taxonomic tasks still lay ahead. Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science, 49, 600-655.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s12124-014-9281-3  [Download]  [Highlights]

Uher, J. (2013). Personality psychology: Lexical approaches, assessment methods, and trait concepts reveal only half of the story. Why it is time for a paradigm shift. Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science, 47, 1-55.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s12124-013-9230-6  [Download]  [Highlights]

Uher, J. (2008a). Comparative personality research: Methodological approaches [Target article]. European Journal of Personality, 22, 427-455.  https://doi.org/10.1002/per.680  [Download]  [Highlights]

Uher, J. (2008b). Three methodological core issues of comparative personality research. European Journal of Personality, 22, 475-496.  https://doi.org/10.1002/per.688  [Download]  [Highlights]
 

Comparative Methodologies: Individuals within and between situations, groups and species

Uher, J. (2020a). Human uniqueness explored from the uniquely human perspective: Epistemological and methodological challenges. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour, 50, 20-24.  https://doi.org/10.1111/jtsb.12232  [Download]

Uher, J. (2015e). Comparing individuals within and across situations, groups and species: Metatheoretical and methodological foundations demonstrated in primate behaviour. In D. Emmans & A. Laihinen (Eds.). Comparative neuropsychology and brain imaging (Vol. 2), Series Neuropsychology: An interdisciplinary Approach. (chapter 14, pp. 223-284). Berlin: Lit Verlag.  ISBN 978-3-643-90653-3  https://doi.org/10.13140/RG.2.1.3848.8169  [Download]  [Online]

Uher, J. (2011a). Individual behavioral phenotypes: An integrative meta-theoretical framework. Why 'behavioral syndromes' are not analogues of 'personality'. Developmental Psychobiology, 53, 521–548.  https://doi.org/10.1002/dev.20544  [Download]  [Highlights]

Uher, J. (2011b). Personality in nonhuman primates: What can we learn from human personality psychology? In A. Weiss, J. King, & L. Murray (Eds.). Personality and temperament in nonhuman primates (pp. 41-76). New York, NY: Springer.  https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-0176-6_3  [Download] [Highlights]

Uher, J. (2008a). Comparative personality research: Methodological approaches [Target article]. European Journal of Personality, 22, 427-455.  https://doi.org/10.1002/per.680  [Download]  [Highlights]

Uher, J. (2008b). Three methodological core issues of comparative personality research. European Journal of Personality, 22, 475-496.  https://doi.org/10.1002/per.688  [Download]  [Highlights]

2. Empirical Applications of the TPS Paradigm

Assessments versus observations: Multi-method contrasts

Uher, J., & Visalberghi, E. (2016). Observations versus assessments of personality: A five-method multi-species study reveals numerous biases in ratings and methodological limitations of standardised assessments. Journal of Research in Personality, 61, 61-79.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrp.2016.02.003  [Download]  [Supplemental Material]  [Highlights]

Uher, J., Werner, C. S., & Gosselt, K. (2013). From observations of individual behaviour to social representations of personality: Developmental pathways, attribution biases, and limitations of questionnaire methods. Journal of Research in Personality, 47, 647–667.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrp.2013.03.006  [Download]  [Highlights]

Uher, J. (2011b). Personality in nonhuman primates: What can we learn from human personality psychology? In A. Weiss, J. King, & L. Murray (Eds.). Personality and temperament in nonhuman primates (pp. 41-76). New York, NY: Springer.   https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-0176-6_3  [Download]  [Highlights]

Uher, J. & Asendorpf, J. B. (2008). Personality assessment in the Great Apes: Comparing ecologically valid behavior measures, behavior ratings, and adjective ratings. Journal of Research in Personality, 42, 821-838.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrp.2007.10.004  [Download]  [Highlights] 

Behavioural studies on individual-specificity ('personality')

Uher, J. (2015e). Comparing individuals within and across situations, groups and species: Metatheoretical and methodological foundations demonstrated in primate behaviour. In D. Emmans & A. Laihinen (Eds.). Comparative neuropsychology and brain imaging (Vol. 2), Series Neuropsychology: An interdisciplinary approach. (chapter 14, pp. 223-284). Berlin: Lit Verlag.  ISBN 978-3-643-90653-3  https://doi.org/10.13140/RG.2.1.3848.8169  [Download]  [Online]

Uher, J., Addessi, E., & Visalberghi, E. (2013). Contextualised behavioural measurements of personality differences obtained in behavioural tests and social observations in adult capuchin monkeys (Cebus apella). Journal of Research in Personality, 47, 427-444.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrp.2013.01.013  [Download paper]  [Supplemental material]  [Highlights]

Uher, J., Asendorpf, J. B., & Call, J. (2008). Personality in the behaviour of great apes: Temporal stability, cross-situational consistency and coherence in response. Animal Behaviour, 75, 99-112.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anbehav.2007.04.018  [Download]  [Highlights] 

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