Transdisciplinary Research on Individuals 

 

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Philosophy-of-Science (TPS) Paradigm

Empirical Applications of the TPS Paradigm

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The Transdisciplinary Philosophy-of-Science Paradigm for Research on Individuals (TPS Paradigm)


1. Philosophical, metatheoretical and methodological foundations

2. Empirical applications of the TPS Paradigm


1. Philosophical, metatheoretical and methodological foundations of the TPS Paradigm

Research on individuals - Kinds of phenomena studied 

Metatheoretical definitions and methodological requirements

Uher, J. (2016a). What is behaviour? And (when) is language behaviour? Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour, 46, 475-501. [Download]  DOI: 10.1111/jtsb.12104

Uher, J. (2016b). Exploring the workings of the psyche: Metatheoretical and methodological foundation. In J. Valsiner, G. Marsico, N. Chaudhary, T. Sato, and V. Dazzani (Eds.). Psychology as the Science of Human Being: the Yokohama Manifesto. Annals of theoretical psychology, Vol 13 (pp. 299-324). Cham, Springer International. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-21094-0_18 

Uher, J. (2015a). Conceiving "personality": Psychologists’ challenges and basic fundamentals of the Transdisciplinary Philosophy-of-Science Paradigm for Research on Individuals. Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science, 49, 398-458. [Download]  DOI: 10.1007/s12124-014-9283-1

Microgenetic, ontogenetic and (possible) phylogenetic development

Uher, J. (2015d). Agency enabled by the psyche: Explorations using the Transdisciplinary Philosophy-of-Science Paradigm for Research on Individuals. In C. W. Gruber, M. G. Clark, S. H. Klempe & J. Valsiner (Eds.). Constraints of Agency: Explorations of Theory in Everyday Life. Annals of theoretical psychology, Vol 12 (pp. 177-228). Cham, Springer International. [Download] DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-10130-9_13

  

Research on individual-specificity - "personality"

Basic concepts, methods of measurement and categorisation, interpretation of findings and models 

Uher, J. (in press). The Transdisciplinary Philosophy-of-Science Paradigm for Research on Individuals: Foundations for the Science of Personality and Individual Differences. In V. Zeigler-Hill & T. K. Shackelford (Eds). The SAGE Handbook of Personality and Individual Differences. Vol. 1. The Science of Personality and Individual Differences. Part 1: Theoretical Perspectives on Personality and Individual Differences. London, UK: Sage. 

Uher, J. (2015a). Conceiving "personality": Psychologists’ challenges and basic fundamentals of the Transdisciplinary Philosophy-of-Science Paradigm for Research on Individuals. Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science, 49, 398-458. [Download]  DOI: 10.1007/s12124-014-9283-1

Uher, J. (2015b). Developing "personality" taxonomies: Metatheoretical and methodological rationales underlying selection approaches, methods of data generation and reduction principles. Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science, 49, 531-589. [Download]  DOI: 10.1007/s12124-014-9280-4

Uher, J. (2015c). Interpreting "personality" taxonomies: Why previous models cannot capture individual-specific experiencing, behaviour, functioning and development. Major taxonomic tasks still lay ahead. Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science, 49, 600-655. [Download]  DOI: 10.1007/s12124-014-9281-3

Uher, J. (2014). Fundamental challenges of contemporary "personality" research. Physics of Life Reviews, 11, 695-696[Download]  DOI: 10.1016/j.plrev.2014.10.005

Uher, J. (2013). Personality psychology: Lexical approaches, assessment methods, and trait concepts reveal only half of the story. Why it is time for a paradigm shift. Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science, 47, 1-55. [Download]  DOI: 10.1007/s12124-013-9230-6 
 

Methodologies for comparisons of individuals across situations, groups and species

Uher, J. (2015e). Comparing individuals within and across situations, groups and species: Metatheoretical and methodological foundations demonstrated in primate behaviour. In D. Emmans & A. Laihinen (Eds.). Comparative Neuropsychology and Brain Imaging (Vol. 2), Series Neuropsychology: An Interdisciplinary Approach. (chapter 14, pp. 223-284). Berlin: Lit Verlag. [Download]  ISBN 978-3-643-90653-3  DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.1.3848.8169

Uher, J. (2011a). Individual behavioral phenotypes: An integrative meta-theoretical framework. Why 'behavioral syndromes' are not analogues of 'personality'. Developmental Psychobiology, 53, 521–548.  [Download]  DOI: 10.1002/dev.20544  

Uher, J. (2008a). Comparative personality research: Methodological approaches (Target article). European Journal of Personality, 22, 427-455. [Download]    DOI: 10.1002/per.680

Uher, J. (2008b). Three methodological core issues of comparative personality research. European Journal of Personality, 22, 475-496. [Download]  DOI: 10.1002/per.688
 

2. Empirical applications of the TPS Paradigm

Behavioural studies

Uher, J. (2015e). Comparing individuals within and across situations, groups and species: Metatheoretical and methodological foundations demonstrated in primate behaviour. In D. Emmans & A. Laihinen (Eds.). Comparative Neuropsychology and Brain Imaging (Vol. 2), Series Neuropsychology: An Interdisciplinary Approach. (chapter 14, pp. 223-284). Berlin: Lit Verlag. [Download]  ISBN 978-3-643-90653-3

Uher, J., Addessi, E., & Visalberghi, E. (2013). Contextualised behavioural measurements of personality differences obtained in behavioural tests and social observations in adult capuchin monkeys (Cebus apella). Journal of Research in Personality, 47, 427-444.  [Download paper; Download supplemental material]  DOI: 10.1016/j.jrp.2013.01.013  

Uher, J., Asendorpf, J. B., & Call, J. (2008). Personality in the behaviour of great apes: Temporal stability, cross-situational consistency and coherence in response. Animal Behaviour, 75, 99-112. [Download]  DOI: 10.1016/j.anbehav.2007.04.018

 

Multi-method studies: Systematic contrasts between assessments and observations

Uher, J., & Visalberghi, E. (2016). Observations versus assessments of personality: A five-method multi-species study reveals numerous biases in ratings and methodological limitations of standardised assessments. Journal of Research in Personality, 61, 61-79.  [Download]  [Supplemental Material]  DOI: 10.1016/j.jrp.2016.02.003

Uher, J., Werner, C. S., & Gosselt, K. (2013). From observations of individual behaviour to social representations of personality: Developmental pathways, attribution biases, and limitations of questionnaire methods. Journal of Research in Personality, 47, 647–667.  [Download]  DOI: 10.1016/j.jrp.2013.03.006  

Uher, J. (2011b). Personality in nonhuman primates: What can we learn from human personality psychology? In A. Weiss, J. King, & L. Murray (Eds.). Personality and Temperament in Nonhuman Primates (pp. 41-76). New York, NY: Springer. [DownloadDOI: 10.1007/978-1-4614-0176-6_3  

Uher, J. & Asendorpf, J. B. (2008). Personality assessment in the Great Apes: Comparing ecologically valid behavior measures, behavior ratings, and adjective ratings. Journal of Research in Personality, 42, 821-838[Download]  DOI: 10.1016/j.jrp.2007.10.004

 

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