Transdisciplinary Research on Individuals 

 

Research on Individuals.org

 

About this research

Transdisciplinary
Philosophy-of-Science (TPS) Paradigm

  Aims and scope

  Philosophical
  framework

  Metatheoretical
  framework

  Methodological
  framework

Topics and findings

Empirical applications

Publications

Science blog

Media

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Publications 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Transdisciplinary Philosophy-of-Science Paradigm for Research on Individuals (TPS Paradigm)



1. Foundations and Frameworks
Measurement and quantification across the sciences
    
Data generation methods across the empirical sciences 
Research on individuals
     Metatheoretical definitions: Behaviour, psyche and other kinds of phenomena
     Microgenetic, ontogenetic and (possible) phylogenetic development of the psyche
     Methodological foundations for exploring the phenomena of the psyche
Research on individual-specificity ('personality')
     Basic definitions and concepts
     Methodologies for developing taxonomies of individual differences
     Comparative methodologies: Individuals within and between situations, groups and species
2. Empirical Applications of the TPS Paradigm
Assessments versus observations: Multi-method contrasts
Behavioural studies on individual-specificity ('personality')

1. Foundations and Frameworks

Measurement and quantification across the sciences

Uher, J. (2018b). Data generation methods across the empirical sciences: Differences in the study phenomena's accessibility and the processes of data encoding. Quality & Quantity. International Journal of Methodology DOI: 10.1007/s11135-018-0744-3  [Springer Nature SharedIt initiative]  [Highlights]

Research on individuals

Metatheoretical definitions: Behaviour, psyche and other kinds of phenomena

Uher, J. (2016a). What is behaviour? And (when) is language behaviour? Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour, 46, 475-501.  DOI: 10.1111/jtsb.12104  [Download]  [Highlights]

Uher, J. (2015a). Conceiving "personality": Psychologist’s challenges and basic fundamentals of the Transdisciplinary Philosophy-of-Science Paradigm for Research on Individuals. Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science, 49, 398-458.  DOI: 10.1007/s12124-014-9283-1  [Download]  [Highlights]

Microgenetic, ontogenetic and (possible) phylogenetic development of the psyche

Uher, J. (2015d). Agency enabled by the psyche: Explorations using the Transdisciplinary Philosophy-of-Science Paradigm for Research on Individuals. In C. W. Gruber, M. G. Clark, S. H. Klempe & J. Valsiner (Eds.). Constraints of Agency: Explorations of Theory in Everyday Life. Annals of theoretical psychology, Vol 12 (pp. 177-228). Cham, Springer International.  DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-10130-9_13  [paper request]  [Highlights]

Methodological foundations for exploring the phenomena of the psyche

Uher, J. (2016b). Exploring the workings of the psyche: Metatheoretical and methodological foundation. In J. Valsiner, G. Marsico, N. Chaudhary, T. Sato, and V. Dazzani (Eds.). Psychology as the Science of Human Being: the Yokohama Manifesto. Annals of theoretical psychology, Vol 13 (pp. 299-324). Cham, Springer International.  DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-21094-0_18  [paper request]  [Highlights]
 

Research on individual-specificity ('personality')

Basic definitions and concepts

Uher, J. (2018c). The Transdisciplinary Philosophy-of-Science Paradigm for Research on Individuals: Foundations for the Science of Personality and Individual Differences. In V. Zeigler-Hill & T. K. Shackelford (Eds). The SAGE Handbook of Personality and Individual Differences. Vol. 1. The Science of Personality and Individual Differences. Part 1: Theoretical Perspectives on Personality and Individual Differences (Chapter 4, pp. 84-109). London, UK: Sage.  DOI: 10.4135/9781526451163.n4  [Download]  [Highlights]

Uher, J. (2017). Basic Definitions in Personality Psychology: Challenges for Conceptual Integrations. European Journal of Personality, 31, 572-573.  DOI: 10.1002/per.2128  [Download]  [Highlights]

Uher, J. (2015a). Conceiving "personality": Psychologists’ challenges and basic fundamentals of the Transdisciplinary Philosophy-of-Science Paradigm for Research on Individuals. Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science, 49, 398-458.  DOI: 10.1007/s12124-014-9283-1  [Download]  [Highlights]

Uher, J. (2014). Fundamental challenges of contemporary "personality" research. Physics of Life Reviews, 11, 695-696 DOI: 10.1016/j.plrev.2014.10.005  [Download]  [Highlights]

Uher, J. (2013). Personality psychology: Lexical approaches, assessment methods, and trait concepts reveal only half of the story. Why it is time for a paradigm shift. Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science, 47, 1-55.  DOI: 10.1007/s12124-013-9230-6  [Download]  [Highlights]
 

Methodologies for developing taxonomies of individual differences

Uher, J. (2018a). Taxonomic models of individual differences: A guide to transdisciplinary approaches. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 373 (1744) DOI 10.1098/rstb.2017-0171  [Download]  [Highlights]

Uher, J., Tofimova, I., Sulis, W., Netter, P., Pessoa, L., Posner, M. I., Rothbart, M. K., Rusalov, V., Petersen, I. T., & Schmidt, L. A. (2018). Diversity in action: Exchange of perspectives and reflections on taxonomies of individual differences. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 373 (1744) DOI 10.1098/rstb.2017-0172  [Download]  [Highlights]

Trofimova, I., Robbins, T.W., Sulis, W., Uher, J. (2018). Taxonomies of psychological individual differences: Biological perspectives on millennia-long challenges. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 373 (1744) DOI 10.1098/rstb.2017-0152  [Download]  [Highlights]

Uher, J. (2015b). Developing "personality" taxonomies: Metatheoretical and methodological rationales underlying selection approaches, methods of data generation and reduction principles. Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science, 49, 531-589.  DOI: 10.1007/s12124-014-9280-4  [Download]  [Highlights]

Uher, J. (2015c). Interpreting "personality" taxonomies: Why previous models cannot capture individual-specific experiencing, behaviour, functioning and development. Major taxonomic tasks still lay ahead. Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science, 49, 600-655.  DOI: 10.1007/s12124-014-9281-3  [Download]  [Highlights]

Uher, J. (2013). Personality psychology: Lexical approaches, assessment methods, and trait concepts reveal only half of the story. Why it is time for a paradigm shift. Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science, 47, 1-55.  DOI: 10.1007/s12124-013-9230-6  [Download]  [Highlights]

Uher, J. (2008a). Comparative personality research: Methodological approaches [Target article]. European Journal of Personality, 22, 427-455.  DOI: 10.1002/per.680  [Download]  [Highlights]

Uher, J. (2008b). Three methodological core issues of comparative personality research. European Journal of Personality, 22, 475-496.  DOI: 10.1002/per.688  [Download]  [Highlights]
 

Comparative Methodologies: Individuals within and between situations, groups and species

Uher, J. (2015e). Comparing individuals within and across situations, groups and species: Metatheoretical and methodological foundations demonstrated in primate behaviour. In D. Emmans & A. Laihinen (Eds.). Comparative Neuropsychology and Brain Imaging (Vol. 2), Series Neuropsychology: An Interdisciplinary Approach. (chapter 14, pp. 223-284). Berlin: Lit Verlag.  ISBN 978-3-643-90653-3  DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.1.3848.8169  [Download]  [Online]

Uher, J. (2011a). Individual behavioral phenotypes: An integrative meta-theoretical framework. Why 'behavioral syndromes' are not analogues of 'personality'. Developmental Psychobiology, 53, 521–548.  DOI: 10.1002/dev.20544  [Download]  [Highlights]

Uher, J. (2011b). Personality in nonhuman primates: What can we learn from human personality psychology? In A. Weiss, J. King, & L. Murray (Eds.). Personality and Temperament in Nonhuman Primates (pp. 41-76). New York, NY: Springer.  DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4614-0176-6_3  [Download] [Highlights]

Uher, J. (2008a). Comparative personality research: Methodological approaches [Target article]. European Journal of Personality, 22, 427-455.  DOI: 10.1002/per.680  [Download]  [Highlights]

Uher, J. (2008b). Three methodological core issues of comparative personality research. European Journal of Personality, 22, 475-496.  DOI: 10.1002/per.688  [Download]  [Highlights]

2. Empirical Applications of the TPS Paradigm

Assessments versus observations: Multi-method contrasts

Uher, J., & Visalberghi, E. (2016). Observations versus assessments of personality: A five-method multi-species study reveals numerous biases in ratings and methodological limitations of standardised assessments. Journal of Research in Personality, 61, 61-79.  DOI: 10.1016/j.jrp.2016.02.003  [Download]  [Supplemental Material]  [Highlights]

Uher, J., Werner, C. S., & Gosselt, K. (2013). From observations of individual behaviour to social representations of personality: Developmental pathways, attribution biases, and limitations of questionnaire methods. Journal of Research in Personality, 47, 647–667.  DOI: 10.1016/j.jrp.2013.03.006  [Download]  [Highlights]

Uher, J. (2011b). Personality in nonhuman primates: What can we learn from human personality psychology? In A. Weiss, J. King, & L. Murray (Eds.). Personality and Temperament in Nonhuman Primates (pp. 41-76). New York, NY: Springer.  DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4614-0176-6_3  [Download]  [Highlights]

Uher, J. & Asendorpf, J. B. (2008). Personality assessment in the Great Apes: Comparing ecologically valid behavior measures, behavior ratings, and adjective ratings. Journal of Research in Personality, 42, 821-838. DOI: 10.1016/j.jrp.2007.10.004  [Download]  [Highlights] 

Behavioural studies on individual-specificity ('personality')

Uher, J. (2015e). Comparing individuals within and across situations, groups and species: Metatheoretical and methodological foundations demonstrated in primate behaviour. In D. Emmans & A. Laihinen (Eds.). Comparative Neuropsychology and Brain Imaging (Vol. 2), Series Neuropsychology: An Interdisciplinary Approach. (chapter 14, pp. 223-284). Berlin: Lit Verlag. ISBN 978-3-643-90653-3  DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.1.3848.8169  [Download]  [Online]

Uher, J., Addessi, E., & Visalberghi, E. (2013). Contextualised behavioural measurements of personality differences obtained in behavioural tests and social observations in adult capuchin monkeys (Cebus apella). Journal of Research in Personality, 47, 427-444.  DOI: 10.1016/j.jrp.2013.01.013  [Download paper]  [Supplemental material]  [Highlights]

Uher, J., Asendorpf, J. B., & Call, J. (2008). Personality in the behaviour of great apes: Temporal stability, cross-situational consistency and coherence in response. Animal Behaviour, 75, 99-112.  DOI: 10.1016/j.anbehav.2007.04.018  [Download]  [Highlights] 

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